- Parliament An Overview
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- ISBN 13: 9780860034162
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Parliament An Overview
Book Description Philip Allan, Philip Allan. Hard Cover. Book- VG, integral colour boards. Ex-libris - Marlborough College. Seller Inventory More information about this seller Contact this seller. Condition: Very Good. First Edition. Navy Blue boards with silver gilt titling to the spine. NO Dustjacket.
Hong Kong is a rare example of an area with a largely liberal population, yet with an undemocratic system. The United Kingdom had a window to change that before Having failed to do so, it has greater obligations now. Today, more than half of young people in Hong Kong wish to seek a better and freer life elsewhere.
Naturally and understandably, British nationals overseas want British citizenship. In a United Kingdom already torn by immigration issues, handing citizenship to hundreds of thousands of people, however strong the moral case, is a political impossibility. There are, however, intermediate steps that can provide real aid for Hong Kongers. Britain should prioritize asylum applications from Hong Kongers who face political persecution.
Pro-independence activists Ray Wong and Alan Li, likely the first political asylum seekers from Hong Kong, were born as British subjects. Now in Germany, they faced persecution in Hong Kong due to their pro-democracy activism. They are wanted by the Hong Kong authorities on charges of rioting at a clash between protesters and police officers under the Public Order Ordinance , which is another legacy of British rule in Hong Kong.
One minor policy adjustment that the United Kingdom could make is to lower the requirements for British nationals overseas to permanently reside in Britain, putting them in line with the current requirements for EU nationals. British nationals overseas are currently subjected to the same immigration restrictions that apply to other nationals outside the European Economic Area. An EU citizen who completed her three-year undergraduate studies and works for two years currently qualifies for indefinite leave to remain in Britain, and can apply for British citizenship a year after acquiring that status.
A British national from Hong Kong who has spent exactly the same amount of time residing legally in the United Kingdom and paying taxes does not get this benefit. Britain must take a leading role internationally and communicate the case for Hong Kong clearly, bilaterally with like-minded free countries, and multilaterally in organizations such as the Commonwealth and the United Nations. Britain needs to show it cares and that it is serious about Hong Kong, beyond the routine exercise of six-monthly reports and responding to occasional debates and questions in the chamber of the House of Commons.
The tech giants won’t like it, but a digital tax must become a reality
The joint statement by U. Milia Hau is a British foreign-policy researcher with a keen interest in the Indo-Pacific. She was formerly a research assistant at the Henry Jackson Society, where she worked on a number of issues relating to Asia, and is one of the authors of the latest report on Hong Kong. Trending Now Sponsored Links by Taboola. Legal system : This entry provides the description of a country's legal system.
A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: civil law including French law, the Napoleonic Code, Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, and Spanish law ; common law including United State law ; customary law; mixed or pluralistic law; and religious law including Islamic law.
An addition. Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. International organization participation : This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
ISBN 13: 9780860034162
Diplomatic representation in the US : This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou.
Diplomatic representation from the US : This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Flag description : This entry provides a written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
Economy :: British Indian Ocean Territory. Economy - overview : This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends. All economic activity is concentrated on the largest island of Diego Garcia, where a joint UK-US military facility is located.
Construction projects and various services needed to support the military installation are performed by military and contract employees from the UK, Mauritius, the Philippines, and the US. Some of the natural resources found in this territory include coconuts, fish, and sugarcane. Exchange rates : This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis.
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Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e. Communications :: British Indian Ocean Territory. Telephone system : This entry includes a brief general assessment of the system with details on the domestic and international components. CB - citizen's band mobile radio communications.
Cellular telephone system - the telephones in this system are radio transceivers, with each instrument having its o. Broadcast media : This entry provides information on the approximate number of public and private TV and radio stations in a country, as well as basic information on the availability of satellite and cable TV services. Communications - note : This entry includes miscellaneous communications information of significance not included elsewhere. Transportation :: British Indian Ocean Territory.
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Airports : This entry gives the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air. The runway s may be paved concrete or asphalt surfaces or unpaved grass, earth, sand, or gravel surfaces and may include closed or abandoned installations. Airports or airfields that are no longer recognizable overgrown, no facilities, etc. Note that not all airports have accommodations for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Airports - with paved runways : This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways concrete or asphalt surfaces by length.
For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - 1 over 3, m over 10, ft , 2 2, to 3, m 8, to 10, ft , 3 1, to 2, m 5, to 8, ft , 4 to 1, m 3, to 5, ft , and 5 under m under 3, ft. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing.
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Roadways : This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Ports and terminals : This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered. The listing le. Military branches : This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces. Military - note : This entry includes miscellaneous military information of significance not included elsewhere.
Disputes - international : This entry includes a wide variety of situations that range from traditional bilateral boundary disputes to unilateral claims of one sort or another. Information regarding disputes over international terrestrial and maritime boundaries has been reviewed by the US Department of State. References to other situations involving borders or frontiers may also be included, such as resource disputes, geopolitical questions, or irredentist issues; however, inclusion does not necessarily constitute.
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